Push and Pull factors of Irish Migration

Push Pull Factors

Definition of Push and Pull factors of Irish Migration to America
This article explains the Push and Pull factors of Irish Migration to America for kids. What are Push and Pull Factors that relate to Ireland and what do they mean?

The push and pull definitions are as follows:

  • Push factors are the reasons why people left Ireland, such as persecution, fear, natural disasters, poverty and unemployment
  • Pull factors are the reasons why people moved to the United States of America in search of freedom, safety, stability and new opportunities

Push and Pull factors of Irish Migration to America for kids: Political, Economic, Social & Environmental Reasons
The push and pull factors of Irish Migration are dictated by economic, political, environmental and social reasons. Discover specific events in the history of Ireland that prompted Irish people to leave their homes to start a new life in America. 

Push and Pull factors of Irish Migration for kids: Examples of Irish Migration Chart
The following chart provides facts and information about some specific examples of Push and Pull factors of Irish Migration to America.

Examples of Push and Pull factors of Irish Migration to America

List and Examples of Push Factors

Environmental Factor: The Irish Famine of 1740 - 1741 aka the Year of Slaughter claimed 38% of the Irish population and was caused by the 'Great Frost'.

Political Factor: In 1790 the Anti-Catholic Penal Laws were repealed in England

Environmental Factor: 1816 was the 'Year Without a Summer' or the Poverty Year when heavy rains and freezing temperatures in Ireland caused the failure of wheat, oats, and potato crops and a terrible famine that led to disease.

Economic Factor: The First Industrial Revolution in America in the early 1800's centered on textiles, iron and the railroads. The boom in industry required labor.

Environmental Factor:  The Irish Potato Famine (1845-1849), also known as the 'Great Hunger', swept Ireland bringing a massive death toll of 2 million from starvation and disease such as typhus and dysentery.

Environmental and Social Factor: The 1879 Irish famine aka "mini-famine" or 'An Gorta Beag' was the last major Irish famine.

Economical and Political Factors: Immigration to the USA exploded in the 1880's due the Second Industrial Revolution that centered on Steel, Oil and Electricity and required unskilled labor to man the factories.  

Political and Social Factor : Various laws had been passed in the United States to restrict the numbers of immigrants. The Hart-Cellar Act passed in 1965 lifted origin by nation restrictions on immigration

List and Examples of Pull Factors

Desperate Irish immigrants signed contracts to travel to America as indentured servants to escape the devastation in Ireland for a new life in a safer environment.

Irish Catholics were allowed to emigrate to America where they sought religious freedom.

Irish immigrants fled  to America to escape from the threat of more natural disasters, death and poverty.

Irish migrants responded to the prospects of employment, increased wealth and a better standard of living in America. They found employment on the railroads, large construction projects and in the coal mines

Irish immigrants took the journey  to America on what were called the "Coffin Ships" looking for safety and a new life

People left Ireland to the safer environment of America.

Irish immigrants seized the opportunity to build a new life and gain new employment and a better standard of living in America.

Some people took the opportunity joined friends and family who had established new lives in the United States.

Push Pull factors of Irish Migration for kids: Pull Push factors of Ireland
To discover the full story of the Pull Push factors of Ireland go to Irish Immigration to America for comprehensive facts, laws and history.

Push and Pull factors of Irish Migration: Political Examples of of Push and Pull factors in Ireland
Find examples of Political Push and Pull factors such as significant historical events in Irish history such as political autocracy and violent conflicts which prompted the migration of Irish people to escape political or religious persecution such as the Anti-Catholic Penal Laws.

Push and Pull factors of Irish Migration: Environmental Examples of Push and Pull factors in Ireland
Find examples of Environmental Push and Pull factors relating to any devastating natural disasters that have hit Ireland such as floods, plague, crop failures and the Irish Potato Famine (1845-1849) that led Irish people to seek safety in a more settled climate and environment.

Push and Pull factors of Irish Migration: Social Examples of Push and Pull factors in Ireland
Find examples of Social Push and Pull factors that prompted migration from Ireland such as lack of education, medical facilities and and health facilities that led Irish people to consider emigration in order to achieve a better standard of living and improved opportunities and health facilities.

Push and Pull factors of Irish Migration: Economic Examples of of Push and Pull factors in Ireland
Find examples of Economic Push and Pull factors that prompted immigration from Ireland such as dire poverty that led Irish people to consider emigration in order to achieve a better standard of living and improve employment opportunities.

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