Push and Pull factors of Chinese Migration

Push Pull Factors

Definition of Push and Pull factors of Chinese Migration to America
This article explains the Push and Pull factors of Chinese Migration to America for kids. What are Push and Pull Factors that relate to China and what do they mean?

 The push and pull definitions are as follows:

  • Push factors are the reasons why people left China, such as persecution, fear, natural disasters, poverty and unemployment
  • Pull factors are the reasons why people moved to the United States of America in search of freedom, safety, stability and new opportunities

Push and Pull factors of Chinese Migration to America for kids: Political, Economic, Social & Environmental Reasons
The push and pull factors of Chinese Migration are dictated by economic, political, environmental and social reasons. Discover specific events in the history of China that prompted Chinese people to leave their homes to start a new life in America. 

Push and Pull factors of Chinese Migration for kids: Examples of Chinese Migration Chart
The following chart provides facts and information about some specific examples of Push and Pull factors of Chinese Migration to America.

Examples of Push and Pull factors of Chinese Migration to America

List and Examples of Push Factors

Economic Factor: The California Gold Rush began in 1848 as gold was discovered by James Marshall at Sutter's timber mill.

Political Factor: The Taiping Rebellion (1850 - 1864) against the autocratic Qing dynasty led to the deaths of at least 20 million Chinese peasants.

Environmental Factor:  The 1852 Flooding of the Huang He river in the Shandong Peninsula led to disastrous crop failures, famine and disease in southern China

Economic Factor: Cheap unskilled labor was required to work on the farms in California and the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad

Environmental Factor: The Northern Chinese Famine of 1876 - 79 devastated China and up to 13 million people are estimated to have died of starvation and disease.

Political Factor: The 1887 Yellow River flood and the Boxer Rebellion had claimed millions of lives in China but the Chinese Exclusion Acts were passed prohibiting Chinese laborers from entering the US. A loophole was found in 1906 following the San Francisco earthquake and fire which destroyed immigration records

Political, Economic and Social Factors: The Chinese Exclusion Act was repealed in 1943 and in 1965 the Immigration and Nationality Act (Hart-Celler Law) abolished the nation-of-origin restrictions on immigrants.

List and Examples of Pull Factors

The first wave of Chinese immigrants moved to America in search of wealth and a better lifestyle

Chinese fled their homes to escape the violence and conflict of the Civil War to a stable and safe environment and a new life in America

Over 20,000 Chinese moved to America due to the lower risk from natural disasters and hazards together with the prospect of employment and greater wealth.

Chinese immigrants were hired by the Central Pacific Railroad and Californian farmers. Between 1850 and 1882 about 322,000 Chinese moved to America in search of new opportunities and employment potential

To escape from the threat of death due  to more natural disasters

Papers of new immigrants were forged ("Paper Sons" and "Paper Daughters") claiming the parents were in America which allowed entry into the United States. Young Chinese took advantage of the loophole and moved to the US in search of a better lifestyle.

New Chinese immigrants took advantage of Open Chinese Immigration and traveled to the United States of America to join family and friends looking for safety, stability and security.

Push Pull factors of Chinese Migration for kids: Pull Push factors of China
To discover the full story of the Pull Push factors of China go to Chinese Immigration to Americafor comprehensive facts, laws and history.

Push and Pull factors of Chinese Migration: Political Examples of of Push and Pull factors in China
Find examples of Political Push and Pull factors such as significant historical events in Chinese history such as wars, revolutions like the Taiping Rebellion (1850 - 1864), political autocracy of the Qing dynasty and violent conflicts which prompted the migration of Chinese people to escape political or religious persecution.

Push and Pull factors of Chinese Migration: Environmental Examples of Push and Pull factors in China
size="3" color="#383838">Find examples of Environmental Push and Pull factors relating to any devastating natural disasters that have hit China such as floods like the flooding of the Huang He river, famine like the Northern Chinese Famine, disease, earthquakes and crop failures that led Chinese people to seek safety in a more settled environment.

Push and Pull factors of Chinese Migration: Social Examples of Push and Pull factors in China
size="3" color="#383838">Find examples of Social Push and Pull factors that prompted migration from China such as the desire to live in a safe, secure environment with family and friends, like the "Paper Sons" and "Paper Daughters", with the opportunities of employment and wealth in America.

Push and Pull factors of Chinese Migration: Economic Examples of of Push and Pull factors in China
Find examples of Economic Push and Pull factors that prompted immigration from China such as dire poverty that led Chinese people to consider emigration in order to achieve a better standard of living and improve employment opportunities.

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